Aspergillus fumigatus (GCA_002234985) (ASM223498v1)

Aspergillus fumigatus (GCA_002234985) Assembly and Gene Annotation

About Aspergillus fumigatus (GCA_002234985)

Wikipedia

Aspergillus fumigatus is a species of fungus in the genus Aspergillus, and is one of the most common Aspergillus species to cause disease in individuals with an immunodeficiency.

Aspergillus fumigatus, a saprotroph widespread in nature, is typically found in soil and decaying organic matter, such as compost heaps, where it plays an essential role in carbon and nitrogen recycling. Colonies of the fungus produce from conidiophores thousands of minute grey-green conidia (2–3 μm) that readily become airborne. For many years, A. fumigatus was thought to only reproduce asexually, as neither mating nor meiosis had ever been observed. In 2008, however, A. fumigatus was shown to possess a fully functional sexual reproductive cycle, 145 years after its original description by Fresenius. Although A. fumigatus occurs in areas with widely different climates and environments, it displays low genetic variation and a lack of population genetic differentiation on a global scale. Thus, the capability for sex is maintained, though little genetic variation is produced.

The fungus is capable of growth at (normal human body temperature), and can grow at temperatures up to , with conidia surviving at —conditions it regularly encounters in self-heating compost heaps. Its spores are ubiquitous in the atmosphere, and everybody inhales an estimated several hundred spores each day; typically, these are quickly eliminated by the immune system in healthy individuals. In immunocompromised individuals, such as organ transplant recipients and people with AIDS or leukemia, the fungus is more likely to become pathogenic, over-running the host's weakened defenses and causing a range of diseases generally termed aspergillosis. Several virulence factors have been postulated to explain this opportunistic behaviour.

When the fermentation broth of A. fumigatus was screened, a number of indolic alkaloids with antimitotic properties were discovered. The compounds of interest have been of a class known as tryprostatins, with spirotryprostatin B being of special interest as an anticancer drug.

Aspergillus fumigatus grown on certain building materials can produce genotoxic and cytotoxic mycotoxins, such as gliotoxin.

(Text from Wikipedia, the free encyclopaedia.)

Assembly

The assembly presented is the ASM223498v1 assembly submitted to INSDC with the assembly accession GCA_002234985.1.

Annotation

The annotation presented is derived from annotation submitted to INSDC with the assembly accession GCA_002234985.1, with additional non-coding genes derived from Rfam. For more details, please visit INSDC annotation import.

More information

General information about this species can be found in Wikipedia.

Statistics

Summary

AssemblyASM223498v1, INSDC Assembly GCA_002234985.1,
Database version96.1
Base Pairs28,231,324
Golden Path Length28,231,324
Genebuild by18
Genebuild methodGenerated from ENA annotation
Data sourceEuropean Nucleotide Archive

Gene counts

Coding genes9,284
Non coding genes180
Small non coding genes180
Pseudogenes2
Gene transcripts9,466

About this species