e.g. NAT2 or alcohol*

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View full list of all Ensembl Fungi species

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What's New in Release 23

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Ensembl Genomes REST ServiceTo access Ensembl Genomes data from any programming language, try our REST service. For full documentation including examples from a wide range of languages, visit http://rest.ensemblgenomes.org

Wheat Stem Rust Genomes

Wheat stem rust caused by Puccinia graminis f. sp. tritici is one of the most damaging diseases of wheat, It can cause more than 70% reduction of yield within weeks of infection. In spite of its the high mobility of its wind-borne spores, the wheat stem rust disease has largely been under control for over the past three decades, owing to the use of resistant wheat cultivars. However, in 1999, a new virulent race (TTKSK) was identified in the wheat fields of Uganda, known as Ug99. The Ug99 isolate has a unique virulence profile, and that can over come many key wheat rust resistance genes, including gene Sr31. Rust pathogens change rapidly, often by mutation, resulting in six additional variants are now recognized in the Ug99 lineage (demonstrating the rapid evolutionary change that typifies pathogen genomes). All exhibit differ in virulence patterns and hence wheat with important resistance genes like Sr24 and Sr36 are also now susceptible to these variants of Ug99. By 2007, Ug99 had spread via wind movements out of East Africa, into Middle East and is on the verge of spreading into Europe and Asia. Ug99 and its variants are considered a major threat to wheat production with an estimated 80-90% of global wheat cultivars susceptible. The genome sequences of Ug99 has been sequenced in a project funded by the involving EMBL-EBI, the Broad Institute and the Cereal Disease Laboratory of the United States Agricultural Research Service. The genome sequence should help in the identification and characterisation of stem rust virulence genes, and of wheat genes capable of conferring durable resistance to it. Both the previously sequenced 7a and Ug99 isolates are now available in Ensembl Genomes.

DNA Comparative Analysis of Glomerellale Species


Many of the Glomerellale species are plant pathogens targetting a variety of hosts ranging from cereals and the Brassicaceae (including Arabadopsis thialiana) to apples and cucumbers. Release 23 sees the inclusion of the genomes of Colletotrichum gloeosporioides, C. higginsianum and C. orbiculare into the Ensembl Genomes browser. There are also matching DNA alignments between all the Glomerellate species (example between C. higginsianum and G. graminicola).