Saccharomyces cerevisiae YJM1383 Assembly and Gene Annotation
About Saccharomyces cerevisiae YJM1383
Saccharomyces cerevisiae is a species of yeast. It is perhaps the most useful yeast, having been instrumental to winemaking, baking, and brewing since ancient times. It is believed to have been originally isolated from the skin of grapes (one can see the yeast as a component of the thin white film on the skins of some dark-color fruits such as plums; it exists among the waxes of the cuticle). It is one of the most intensively studied eukaryotic model organisms in molecular and cell biology, much like Escherichia coli as the model bacterium. It is the microorganism behind the most common type of fermentation. S. cerevisiae cells are round to ovoid, 5–10 μm in diameter. It reproduces by a division process known as budding.
Many proteins important in human biology were first discovered by studying their homologs in yeast; these proteins include cell cycle proteins, signaling proteins, and protein-processing enzymes. S. cerevisiae is currently the only yeast cell known to have Berkeley bodies present, which are involved in particular secretory pathways. Antibodies against S. cerevisiae are found in 60–70% of patients with Crohn's disease and 10–15% of patients with ulcerative colitis (and 8% of healthy controls).
The annotation presented is derived from annotation submitted to INSDC with the assembly accession GCA_000977385.1, with additional non-coding genes derived from Rfam. For more details, please visit INSDC annotation import.
- The 100-genomes strains, an S. cerevisiae resource that illuminates its natural phenotypic and genotypic variation and emergence as an opportunistic pathogen.
Strope PK, Skelly DA, Kozmin SG, Mahadevan G, Stone EA, Magwene PM, Dietrich FS, McCusker JH. 2015. Genome Res.. 25:762-774.
Picture credit: Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
General information about this species can be found in Wikipedia.
|Assembly||Sc_YJM1383_v1, INSDC Assembly GCA_000977385.1, Jan 2017|
|Golden Path Length||12,586,117|
|Genebuild method||Generated from ENA annotation|
|Data source||European Nucleotide Archive|
|Non coding genes||1,608|
|Small non coding genes||1,605|
|Long non coding genes||3|